1. List the elements sought to be protected and their interrelationships.According to Stephen:
2. Analyze each element asking:a) Is the element necessary for preserving functionality?3. Review the entire claim, discarding any words not absolutely necessary for functionality or novelty.
b) Is the element needed to distinguish over the prior art?
c) Can the element be generalized in a way that retains claim novelty?
d) Can elements be combined in a way that retains claim novelty?
Sanitizing the wordage, generalizing terminology and combining claim elements will improve the likelihood of literal infringement, because a competitor will find it more difficult to argue persuasively that a claim element is missing, from its competitive product or service.