Those questions are at the heart of a copyright dispute being played out at a quirky theme park in Lithuania popularly known as "Stalin's World."
A copyright watchdog agency is demanding the park owner hand over royalties amounting to 6 percent of the income he receives every year from the hundreds of thousands of people visiting the park and its collection of communist-era statues.
The park's owner said the agency would not receive a cent, arguing that royalties could not be applied to works commissioned by an occupying power.
"This is absurd. They want us to pay for those stone idols that were used for 50 years to serve the occupant regime and terrorize people's minds," said Viliumas Malinauskas, a millionaire who created Grutas Park in 2001.
"Stalin's World" spans 50 acres of drained swamp about a half-hour drive from the capital, Vilnius. Next to the sculptures, monuments and paintings charged with communist ideology is a merry-go-round, a restaurant and a small zoo.
Malinauskas, 65, said he invested 6 million litas ($2 million) in the park and that he could incur 1 million euros ($1.3 million) in losses if part of the Soviet exhibition is closed.
Still, he says he is used to opposition. Several years ago a group of lawmakers unsuccessfully tried to shut the park down.
"The new attack against our park proves there still are people in Lithuania who miss Soviet times and are eager to feed off someone else," Malinauskas said.